Quail
We also sell
processed meat,
pickled quail eggs.
Coturnix Quail should be highly considered. This bird
stands out for it’s quickness to reach maturity. It would
not be unheard of to start out with just 2 male and 4
female Coturnix, then 6 months later have well over
130 these quail.

These quail adapt very well to a captive environment.
They actually aren't very well suited for the wild. The
coturnix, in my opinion, are the best specie for the
The Coturnix reaches maturity at about six weeks of
age and with proper pairing and nutrition could be
producing fertile eggs, ready for incubation at 8 weeks
of age. Most other breeds will take up to 26 weeks to
reach this type of maturity.
These birds don’t eat a lot, convert feed into the sociable chicken.
incubators temperature 99º to 100ºF with a humidity level of 60%.
The Coturnix Quail mature in six weeks with a average weight of 5-6
oz. This quail will began laying eggs at seven weeks old and reach
a slaughter weight of 4-5 oz.

Dangers to your quail that you can prevent, by having prior
knowledge:
1. When the Coturnix becomes startled, their tendency is to fly
straight up, thus, the possibility of a broken neck, serious injury and
fatalities. Precautions should be taken.
2.  Predator's, such as raccoon, skunks, snakes etc. are very good
at invading pens or cages. This could cause major loses to your
flock and their eggs. Do the best you can to make the environment
as predator proof as possible.
3. Special care must be taken to protect the quail from cold drafts,
food and water shortage, and dampness.
These type of conditions plus overcrowding can cause your birds to
become stressed and piling could occur. You would find your chicks
in a large pile dying, it's a natural reaction and can cost a quail
breeder a lot of birds.

Brooding and Egg Care For the Coturnix
During the brooding process of raising these quail, change the
paper and clean the wire daily for better success. Keep the quail in
the brooder until fully feathered and reduce heat by 5 degrees
weekly. Continue to protect quail chicks from draft and food/water
shortages, feed the chicks, starter food until week six. After the
quail are fully feathered they can be sexed and moved to their final
cage. Reducing height will help eliminate broken necks in the quail.

Eggs, when gathered should be kept at a controlled temperature
and turned twice daily, if not incubating for several days. When
quail eggs are on the menu in a restaurant, this is the bird usually
responsible. If you are going to keep your own eggs to hatch for
replacement birds, it is a good idea to get a few males from another
source so that inbreeding does not occur. Raising your quail on
wire, above the ground, will make it less likely that the quail will be
standing in manure and this will also help the eggs remain clean.

Like most birds, Coturnix like to take dust baths in hot weather.
Their eggs should be gathered daily, in hot weather as much as 2
to 3 times per day, to assure freshness. This quail appears to be
susceptible to most of the diseases that affect domestic poultry
and, therefore, raise your birds separate from chickens and
turkeys. As a matter of fact, having chickens or turkey on the same
property, increases the chances of your quail contracting disease.
The Adult Male Coturnix

The male adult weighs about 3 1/2 to 5 ounces. The male birds can
be identified readily by the rusty brown colored feathers on the
upper throat and lower breast region. Males also have a cloacal
gland, a bulbous structure located at the upper edge of the vent
which secretes a white, foamy material. This unique gland can be
used to assess the reproductive fitness of the males (Cheng,
Hickman and McIntyre (1985). The young birds begin to crow at 5
to 6 weeks old. Sanford (1957) described the voice of the male as
a loud, castanet-like crow, producing sound as "pick-per awick" or
"ko-turro-neex". During the height of the normal breeding season,
coturnix males will crow throughout the night.
The Adult Female Coturnix

The Adult Female are slightly heavier than the male, weighing from
4 to 5 1/2 ounces (120 to 160 grams). The body coloration of the
female bird is similar to the male except that the feathers on the
throat and upper breast are long, pointed, and much lighter
cinnamon. Also, the light tan breast feathers are characteristically
black-stippled.

Thoughts on Raising Coturnix Quail
If you are looking to start raising quail for business to sell the meat
or eggs and want a quick turn around, the Coturnix Quail would be
the right choice. This bird matures in about 6 weeks and should be
laying eggs at 8 weeks of age.

When raising the Coturnix Quail in the proper environment and by
using artificial lighting and regulated temperatures as discussed in
"The Beginner's Guide". It is possible for the female of this specie
to lay between 200 and 300 eggs per year.
Coturnix Quail
Bobwhite Quail
The popular Bobwhite Quail is a favorite of game bird breeders, just about everyone is
familiar with male's call for which the species is named.

These little birds have the most widespread range of any quail species, with over 20
subspecies ranging from Canada to southern Mexico. The most common subspecies is
the Eastern Bobwhite (C. v. viriginaus). They are found in a variety of habitats, from
open woodlands & fields to suburban parks. Bird feeders in the yards of some greet a
few quail who come to feed on the seed that is dropped by the other birds.

Males have a white throat and eye-line, with a dark crown and a black line that
separates the white on the throat to the eye-line. The lower breast is mottled white &
dark brown; sides have light brown streaks and the back and rest of the body mottled
brown overall. The hens are similar, but her throat and eye-line is buff and her overall
color is somewhat lighter.

They form large groups during the winter called coveys that can consist of up to 30 or
more birds and when disturbed they will burst into flight at once.

Breeding Bobwhite Quail Bobwhites present no problems in captive rearing, and can
be produced easily in modest surroundings or large aviaries. You can choose to
colony mate - several hens with two or three males, trios -one male with two hens, or in
pairs.

Bobwhite hens begin laying in mid April and may lay all summer long. The eggs are
pure white and are incubated for 21 days. Artificial incubation is used with this species,
as captive hens are unlikely to go broody in a cage setting.

Bobwhite Quail Egg
Incubation: The temperature for bobwhite quail is 99.5°F for forced air incubators and
102°F for still-air incubators. The humidity for bobwhite quail should be about 60%
(86° wet bulb) for the first 20 days of incubation. On the last three days the humidity
should b raised to about 75% (92° wet bulb). The eggs should be turned at least 3
times per day to prevent the embryonic membranes from sticking to the shell. If you are
turning the eggs by hand you should use a soft lead pencil to mark an "x" on one side
and an "o" on the other. This will help you make sure all eggs have been turned. Stop
turning the eggs 3 days before the eggs are to hatch, for bobwhites that is on day 21

Bobwhites can also be induced into laying earlier than normal using artificial light and
to have hens produce eggs year round.

Chicks are easy to raise in the brooder. They require a high protein diet and lots of
room, as they are very active and can be prone to picking if overcrowded. The chicks
are kept in a brooder setting for about six weeks, then they are moved to covered,
outdoor enclosure.

Bobwhite should be fed a good quality game bird ration of at least 16% to 20% protein
also supplement with various grains, greens and mealworms
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